Resistance Strain Gauges are sensing devices used in a variety of physical test and measurement applications. They change resistance at their output terminals when stretched or compressed. Because of this characteristic, the gages typically are bonded to the surface of a solid material and are used to measure its minute dimensional changes when put […] Read More

A ceramic capacitor is a fixed value capacitor in which ceramic material acts as the dielectric. Ceramics were one of the first materials to be used in the producing of capacitors, as it was a known insulator. It is constructed of two or more alternating layers of ceramic and a metal layer acting as the electrodes. The composition of the ceramic […] Read More

Smart lighting is a lighting technology designed for energy efficiency. This may include high efficiency fixtures and automated controls that make adjustments based on conditions such as occupancy or daylight availability. Lighting is the deliberate application of light to achieve some aesthetic or practical effect. It includes task lighting, […] Read More

Xenon light is produced by lights that have high-melting-point glass envelopes and contain the xenon gas. Xenon light is a specialized type of gas discharge lamp, an electric light that produces light by passing electricity through ionized xenon gas at high pressure. It produces a bright white light that closely mimics natural sunlight. Xenon […] Read More

Hybrid Integrated Circuit (HIC) used a film forming technique to fabricate a passitive components and be assemblied with semiconductor devices, bonded to a substrate. The passsitive components are generally resistors, inductors, transformers or capacitors. The semiconductor devices, such as transistors or diodes, is used in HIC. Thick-Film Hybrid […] Read More

In general, switchgears are the switching devices that form the backbone of modern electrical distribution systems. According to IEC 60947, switchgears with rated voltages up to 1000 V ac and 1500 V dc are termed as low voltage (LV) switchgear, and medium voltage (MV) switchgear is ranged from 1000V ac rating up to 36 KV and 40.5 KV in term of IEC […] Read More

A smart grid is an evolved grid system that manages electricity demand in a sustainable, reliable and economic manner, built on advanced infrastructure and tuned to facilitate the integration of all involved. A smart grid sensor has four parts: a transducer, a microcomputer, a transceiver and a power source. The transducer generates electrical […] Read More

Infrared Gas Sensors utilize only part of the infrared spectrum, corresponding to wavelengths which are absorbed by the gas to be detected. The optical bandwidth of a laser source is sufficiently narrow for it to be used directly, but with wideband sources such as thermal sources or even LED’s some additional wavelength selection in the optical […] Read More

Generator Circuit Breaker (GCB) is an effective protection device for the transformer and the generator, which connected between a generator and the step-up voltage transformer. The generator circuit breakers include vacuum circuit breaker, SF6 circuit breaker and others. Scope of the Report: As of 2015, around 939 units generator circuit […] Read More

High Intensity Discharge (HID) Light is a type of electrical gas-discharge light. In a high-intensity discharge lamp, electricity arcs between two electrodes, creating an intensely bright light. Mercury, sodium, or metal halide gas acts as the conductor. High-intensity discharge (HID) lighting provides the second highest efficacy and longest […] Read More